Multi-Winner Elections: Complexity of Manipulation, Control, and Winner-Determination
Ariel D. Procaccia, Jeffrey S. Rosenschein, Aviv Zohar
Although recent years have seen a surge of interest in the computational aspects of social choice, no attention has previously been devoted to elections with multiple winners, e.g., elections of an assembly or committee. In this paper, we fully characterize the worst-case complexity of manipulation and control in the context of four prominent multi-winner voting systems. Additionally, we show that several tailor-made multi-winner voting schemes are impractical, as it is NP-hard to select the winners in these schemes.