Using Web Photos for Measuring Video Frame Interestingness
In this paper, we present a method that uses web photos for measuring frame interestingness of a travel video. Web photo collections, such as those on Flickr, tend to contain interesting images because their images are more carefully taken, composed, and selected. Because these photos have already been chosen as subjectively interesting, they serve as evidence that similar images are also interesting. Our idea is to leverage these web photos to measure the interestingness of video frames. Specifically, we measure the interestingness of each video frame according to its similarity to web photos. The similarity is defined based on the scene content and composition. We characterize the scene content using scale invariant local features, specifically SIFT keypoints. We characterize composition by feature distribution. Accordingly, we measure the similarity between a web photo and a video frame based on the co-occurrence of the SIFT features, and the similarity between their spatial distribution. Interestingness of a video frame is measured by considering how many photos it is similar to, and how similar it is to them. Our experiments on measuring frame interestingness of videos from YouTube using photos from Flickr show the initial success of our method.
Feng Liu, Yuzhen Niu, Michael Gleicher