Using Payoff-Similarity to Speed Up Search
Timothy Furtak, Michael Buro
Transposition tables are a powerful tool in search domains for avoiding duplicate effort and for guiding node expansions. Traditionally, however, they have only been applicable when the current state is exactly the same as a previously explored state. We consider a generalized transposition table, whereby a similarity metric that exploits local structure is used to compare the current state with a neighbourhood of previously seen states. We illustrate this concept and forward pruning based on function approximation in the domain of Skat, and show that we can achieve speedups of 16+ over standard methods.