Topic Modeling with Document Relative Similarities / 3469
Jianguang Du, Jing Jiang, Dandan Song, Lejian Liao
Topic modeling has been widely used in text mining. Previous topic models such as Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) are successful in learning hidden topics but they do not take into account metadata of documents. To tackle this problem, many augmented topic models have been proposed to jointly model text and metadata. But most existing models handle only categorical and numerical types of metadata. We identify another type of metadata that can be more natural to obtain in some scenarios. These are relative similarities among documents. In this paper, we propose a general model that links LDA with constraints derived from document relative similarities. Specifically, in our model, the constraints act as a regularizer of the log likelihood of LDA. We fit the proposed model using Gibbs-EM. Experiments with two real world datasets show that our model is able to learn meaningful topics. The results also show that our model outperforms the baselines in terms of topic coherence and a document classification task.