Proceedings Abstracts of the Twenty-Fourth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence

Open Domain Short Text Conceptualization: A Generative + Descriptive Modeling Approach / 3820
Yangqiu Song, Shusen Wang, Haixun Wang

Concepts embody the knowledge to facilitate our cognitive processes of learning. Mapping short texts to a large set of open domain concepts has gained many successful applications. In this paper, we unify the existing conceptualization methods from a Bayesian perspective, and discuss the three modeling approaches: descriptive, generative, and discriminative models. Motivated by the discussion of their advantages and shortcomings, we develop a generative + descriptive modeling approach. Our model considers term relatedness in the context, and will result in disambiguated conceptualization. We show the results of short text clustering using a news title data set and a Twitter message data set, and demonstrate the effectiveness of the developed approach compared with the state-of-the-art conceptualization and topic modeling approaches.