Drosophila Gene Expression Pattern Annotation through Multi-Instance Multi-Label Learning

The Berkeley Drosophila Genome Project (BDGP) has produced a large number of gene expression patterns, many of which have been annotated textually with anatomical and developmental terms. These terms spatially correspond to local regions of the images; however, they are attached collectively to groups of images, such that it is unknown which term is assigned to which region of which image in the group. This poses a challenge to the development of the computational method to automate the textual description of expression patterns contained in each image. In this paper, we show that the underlying nature of this task matches well with a new machine learning framework, Multi-Instance Multi-Label learning (MIML). We propose a new MIML support vector machine to solve the problems that beset the annotation task. Empirical study shows that the proposed method outperforms the state-of-the-art Drosophila gene expression pattern annotation methods.

Ying-Xin Li, Shuiwang Ji, Sudhir Kumar, Jieping Ye, Zhi-Hua Zhou