Efficient Estimation of Influence Functions for SIS Model on Social Networks

We address the problem of efficiently estimating the influence function of initially activated nodes in a social network under the susceptible / infected / susceptible (SIS) model, a diffusion model where nodes are allowed to be activated multiple times. The computational complexity drastically increases because of this multiple activation property. We solve this problem by constructing a layered graph from the original social network with each layer added on top as the time proceeds, and applying the bond percolation with a pruning strategy. We show that the computational complexity of the proposed method is much smaller than the conventional naive probabilistic simulation method by a theoretical analysis and confirm this by applying the proposed method to two real world networks.

Masahiro Kimura, Kazumi Saito, Hiroshi Motoda