Proceedings Abstracts of the Twenty-Fourth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence

Efficient Algorithms with Performance Guarantees for the Stochastic Multiple-Choice Knapsack Problem / 403
Long Tran-Thanh, Yingce Xia, Tao Qin, Nicholas R Jennings

We study the stochastic multiple-choice knapsack problem, where a set of Kitems, whose value and weight are random variables, arrive to the system at each time step, and a decision maker has to choose at most one item to put into the knapsack without exceeding its capacity. The goal is the decision-maker is to maximise the total expected value of chosen items with respect to the knapsack capacity and a finite time horizon.We provide the first comprehensive theoretical analysis of the problem. In particular, we propose OPT-S-MCKP, the first algorithm that achieves optimality when the value-weight distributions are known. This algorithm also enjoys O(√{T}) performance loss, where T is the finite time horizon, in the unknown value-weight distributions scenario.We also further develop two novel approximation methods, FR-S-MCKP and G-S-MCKP, and we prove that FR-S-MCKP achieves O(√{T}) performance loss in both known and unknown value-weight distributions cases, while enjoying polynomial computational complexity per time step. On the other hand, G-S-MCKP does not have theoretical guarantees, but it still provides good performance in practice with linear running time.