A Graph Kernel Based on the Jensen-Shannon Representation Alignment / 3322
Lu Bai, Zhihong Zhang, Chaoyan Wang, Xiao Bai, Edwin Hancock
In this paper, we develop a novel graph kernel by aligning the Jensen-Shannon (JS) representations of vertices. We commence by describing how to compute the JS representation of a vertex by measuring the JS divergence (JSD) between the corresponding $-layer depth-based (DB) representations developed. By aligning JS representations of vertices, we identify the correspondence between the vertices of two graphs and this allows us to construct a matching-based graph kernel. Unlike existing R-convolution kernels that roughly record the isomorphism information between any pair of substructures under a type of graph decomposition, the new kernel can be seen as an aligned subgraph kernel that incorporates explicit local correspondences of substructures i.e., the local information graphs) into the process of kernelization through the JS representation alignment. The new kernel thus addresses the drawback of neglecting the relative locations between substructures that arises in the R-convolution kernels. Experiments demonstrate that our kernel can easily outperform state-of-the-art graph kernels in terms of the classification accuracies.