Query-Based Entailment and Inseparability for ALC Ontologies / 1001
Elena Botoeva, Carsten Lutz, Vladislav Ryzhikov, Frank Wolter, Michael Zakharyaschev
We investigate the problem whether two ALC knowledge bases are indistinguishable by queries over a given vocabulary. We give model-theoretic criteria and prove that this problem is undecidable for conjunctive queries (CQs) but decidable in 2EXPTIME for unions of rooted CQs. We also consider the problem whether two ALC TBoxes give the same answers to any query in a given vocabulary over all ABoxes, and show that for CQs this problem is undecidable, too, but becomes decidable and 2EXPTIME-complete in Horn-ALC, and even EXPTIME-complete in Horn-ALC when restricted to (unions of) rooted CQs.