Formal Query Building with Query Structure Prediction for Complex Question Answering over Knowledge Base
Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
Main track. Pages 3751-3758. https://doi.org/10.24963/ijcai.2020/519
Formal query building is an important part of complex question answering over knowledge bases. It aims to build correct executable queries for questions. Recent methods try to rank candidate queries generated by a state-transition strategy. However, this candidate generation strategy ignores the structure of queries, resulting in a considerable number of noisy queries. In this paper, we propose a new formal query building approach that consists of two stages. In the first stage, we predict the query structure of the question and leverage the structure to constrain the generation of the candidate queries. We propose a novel graph generation framework to handle the structure prediction task and design an encoder-decoder model to predict the argument of the predetermined operation in each generative step. In the second stage, we follow the previous methods to rank the candidate queries. The experimental results show that our formal query building approach outperforms existing methods on complex questions while staying competitive on simple questions.
Natural Language Processing: Natural Language Processing
Natural Language Processing: Question Answering