Evidential Reasoning and Learning: a Survey

Evidential Reasoning and Learning: a Survey

Federico Cerutti, Lance M. Kaplan, Murat ┼×ensoy

Proceedings of the Thirty-First International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
Survey Track. Pages 5418-5425. https://doi.org/10.24963/ijcai.2022/760

When collaborating with an artificial intelligence (AI) system, we need to assess when to trust its recommendations. Suppose we mistakenly trust it in regions where it is likely to err. In that case, catastrophic failures may occur, hence the need for Bayesian approaches for reasoning and learning to determine the confidence (or epistemic uncertainty) in the probabilities of the queried outcome. Pure Bayesian methods, however, suffer from high computational costs. To overcome them, we revert to efficient and effective approximations. In this paper, we focus on techniques that take the name of evidential reasoning and learning from the process of Bayesian update of given hypotheses based on additional evidence. This paper provides the reader with a gentle introduction to the area of investigation, the up-to-date research outcomes, and the open questions still left unanswered.
Keywords:
Survey Track: -
Survey Track: Uncertainty in AI
Survey Track: Knowledge Representation and Reasoning
Survey Track: Machine Learning